Kraków (Polish pronunciation: ?krakuf About this sound listen (help?info)), also Cracow or Krakow (US English /?kr??ka?/, UK English /?kr?ka?/),23 is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.Situated on the Vistula River (Polish: Wisła) in the Lesser Poland region, the city dates back to the 7th century.4 Kraków has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life and is one of Poland's most important economic hubs. It was the capital of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland from 1038 to 1569; the Polish?Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1569 to 1596;5 the Free City of Kraków from 1815 to 1846; the Grand Duchy of Cracow from 1846 to 1918; and Kraków Voivodeship from the 14th century to 1998. It has been the capital of Lesser Poland Voivodeship since 1999. The city has grown from a Stone Age settlement to Poland's second most important city. It began as a hamlet on Wawel Hill and was already being reported as a busy trading centre of Slavonic Europe in 965.4 With the establishment of new universities and cultural venues at the emergence of the Second Polish Republic in 1918 and throughout the 20th century, Kraków reaffirmed its role as a major national academic and artistic centre.
The range stretches from eastern Germany along the northern border of the Czech Republic to south-western Poland.
The current geomorphological unit in the Czech part of the mountain range is Krkonošsko-jesenická subprovincie ("Krkonoše-Jeseníky"). The Krkonoše Mountains (also called the Giant Mountains) have experienced growing tourism for winter sports during the past ten years.Their skiing resorts are becoming a budget alternative to the AlpsŹródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudetes
Poland's territory extends across several geographical regions, between latitudes 49° and 55° N, and longitudes 14° and 25° E.
In the north-west is the Baltic seacoast, which extends from the Bay of Pomerania to the Gulf of Gdańsk.
This coast is marked by several spits, coastal lakes (former bays that have been cut off from the sea), and dunes.
The lake districts form part of the Baltic Ridge, a series of moraine belts along the southern shore of the Baltic Sea.